Bush worried social conflict in Oaxaca, declassified information reveals
The Red Circle
Oaxaca. Mexico. At the American government was concerned that the conflict occurred in Oaxaca in 2006 gave rise to other radical groups to rise against the government, according to declassified embassy then by Tony Garza cables.
The United States Embassy in Mexico warned President George W. Bush on the social crisis in Oaxaca in 2006.
The United States government feared that the social conflict that occurred in Oaxaca in 2006 were to extend Mexico and give rise to other radical groups to rise against the government, declassified documents reveal the American Embassy.
That Mexico might catch fire, it is clear from the documents was the main American concern in that year, also marked by the revolt of Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador after the elections of July 2.
The cables detail in the opinion of Washington, Ulises Ruiz "used mercenaries" to hold onto power, which Elba Esther Gordillo wanted to use the conflict for their personal political benefit and that the federal government was frightened by the risk of a "pop more broad ".
Diplomatic communications, declassified by the Law on Access to Information in the United States, bare the Government's view of George W. Bush on social conflict, which the embassy was in constant communication with American security areas for a six months.
At the request of MILLENNIUM, the partially declassified State Department over 50 pages of internal embassy in Mexico Oaxacan conflict related communications. The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) on the contrary, classified for 30 years has all the information about "by executive order."
In the early hours of October 30, 2006 an urgent message was sent by the American Embassy to different offices in Washington, including the White House, National Security Council, the CIA, the Department of Homeland Security and Commands North and south of the Pentagon.
The purpose of communication: the beginning of the end of the Oaxaca revolt, the entry of the Federal Preventive Police to regain control of Oaxaca and crush the Popular Assembly of the Peoples.
"The crisis in Oaxaca has reached a new level," it read in the message, marked "sensitive" and "priority 3959", slang used to define documents that can only be seen by higher-level officials.
Drafted by the office of then Ambassador Tony Garza to be read only by President Bush and eight other officers, the cable warned: "The Mexican government intervenes in Oaxaca. The crisis entered a critical new phase with the sending of the Federal Preventive Police to the state after the death of three people on October 27, including the American journalist Brad Will. The potential for violence in the coming days is high. "
He adds: "The Mexican government has to contain the conflict and effectively. For months, one of the main concerns of the political crisis in Oaxaca has been that the instability to other areas of the nation to spill. "
In the cable, the total content was classified until 2016 to "avoid jeopardizing the international activities of the United States" is also estimated: "What began as a routine protest action has climbed to a broader movement that might be being exploited by radical groups. "
And that's precisely for fear of a national revolt administration of Vicente Fox really never considered removing Ulises Ruiz of Oaxaca government: "Many fear that the federal government remove the governor set a bad precedent. Do not want to give a common enemy to the various radical groups in Mexico. "
So with microscope and the pinned red lights is like Washington followed the final days of the conflict in 2006 paralyzed the state, bordered to Oaxaca to the verge of civil war and led to the American Embassy to worry about a contagion in the rest of the country.
Today, three years ago, to send the communication of dawn and even as the Federal Preventive Police deployed in the state capital, the American embassy began doing calculations on whether the conflict could lead to a situation of Mexico to social unrest.
"This cable will analyze the implications of federal intervention, how it could impact the balance of power in Mexico and what are the possible scenarios for the future of Oaxaca," the embassy said their commanders in the United States.
However, a set of reflections that the arrival of the PFP literally saved the skin from Oaxaca governor. "At the moment it is not clear how much pressure can still exercise the APPO (...) but it is clear that federal intervention has saved Ruiz, limiting the autonomy of the APPO in Oaxaca" is exposed.
Like an invasion of another country is involved, the American embassy estimated the peacekeeping operation PFP "might work" in Oaxaca if senior police managed to contain his subordinates from committing violations of the rights of the civilian population .
"The Mexican government will maintain the legitimacy of the presence of the police if that presence is relatively peaceful and the Mexican government argues that this is the only way to maintain order," he said.
The cables leave no doubt that Washington clearly negative opinion about the role played in the conflict by the governor Ulises Ruiz and the leader of the National Union of Education Workers, Elba Esther Gordillo had.
The first, the embassy said it was "a man of strong hand without popular support" held "on the basis of mercenaries". One cable, dated August, realizes that the Oaxacan governor and was then considered a "failure."
"... Ruiz failed to incorporate their programs discomfort of his opponents and did not have the political capacity to build coalitions capable of governing," reads a fragment. "The News newspaper attack was made by his mercenaries, observers tell us," reads another.
One more: "Our contacts tell us that the governor lacks all legitimacy and is desperate." Another: "never regain its authority." And another: "It is speculated that the death of José Jiménez (a member of the APPO, shot on August 10) was conducted by gunmen loyal Ruiz".
Gordillo, Washington made it clear that joining the negotiations towards the end of conflict, rather than help, ended up complicating the Oaxaca crisis.
"Instead of continuing fruitless negotiations, the federal government chose to seek the support of Gordillo, but as federal offered the carrot, Gordillo gave them (APPO) with the stick," summarized in a dated snippet on October 6.
Even the leader of the SNTE having jumped negotiations greed is accused: "The decision to Gordillo to intervene in the state of Oaxaca was influenced most likely by the fact that the Mexican government offered to SNTE a lot money (...) about 3.8 billion dollars over six years. "