Bush care about social conflict in Oaxaca, reveals declassified information
The Red Circle
Oaxaca. Mexico. The US government was concerned that the conflict occurred in Oaxaca in 2006 gave rise to other radical groups to rise against the government, according to declassified embassy then by Tony Garza cables.
The US Embassy in Mexico warned President George W. Bush on the social crisis in Oaxaca in 2006.
The US government feared that the social conflict that occurred in Oaxaca in 2006 were to extend Mexico and gave rise to other radical groups to rise against the government declassified documents reveal US Embassy.
That Mexico might catch fire, it is clear from the documents, was the main US concern in that year also marked by the rebellion of Andrés Manuel López Obrador after the elections on July 2.
The cables listed in the opinion of Washington, Ulises Ruiz "used mercenaries" to hold onto power, that Elba Esther Gordillo wanted to use the conflict for their own political benefit and that the federal government was frightened by the risk of a "pop more broad ".
Diplomatic communications, declassified by the Law on Access to Information US naked Review of the George W. Bush on social conflict, which the embassy remained constant communication with US security areas for some six months.
A MILLENNIUM request, the State Department partially declassified over 50 pages of internal embassy in Mexico Oaxacan conflict related communications. The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) on the contrary, classified for 30 years all the information held about "executive order".
In the early hours of October 30, 2006 an urgent message was sent by the US Embassy to different offices in Washington, including the White House, the National Security Council, the CIA, the Department of Homeland Security and Commands North and south of the Pentagon.
The purpose of communication: the beginning of the end of the Oaxaca rebellion, the entrance of the PFP to regain control of Oaxaca and smash the Popular Assembly of the Peoples.
"The crisis in Oaxaca has reached a new level," it read the message, marked as "sensitive" and "priority 3959", slang used to define documents can only be seen by the officials of the highest level.
Drafted by the office of then Ambassador Tony Garza to be read only by President Bush and eight other officers, cable warned: "The Mexican government intervenes in Oaxaca. The crisis entered a new critical phase with the sending of the PFP to the state after the death of three people on October 27, including the American journalist Brad Will. The potential for violence in the coming days is high. "
He adds: "The Mexican government has already contain conflict effectively. For months, one of the main concerns of the political crisis in Oaxaca has been that the instability to other areas nationwide spill. "
In the cable, the total content was classified until 2016 to "not jeopardize the international activities of the United States" is also estimated: "What began as a routine protest action has escalated to a broader movement that might be being exploited by radical groups. "
He explains precisely that for fear of a national revolt Vicente Fox administration never really considered removing Ulises Ruiz government of Oaxaca: "Many fear that the federal government remove the governor would set a bad precedent. Do not want to give a common enemy to the various radical groups in Mexico ".
So with microscope and the pinned red flags, is like Washington followed the final days of the conflict in 2006 paralyzed the state, bordered to the Oaxaca to the verge of civil war and led to the US Embassy to worry about a contagion in the rest of the country.
Today three years ago, when sending communication at dawn and even as the Federal Preventive Police deployed in the state capital, the US embassy began making calculations about whether the conflict could lead Mexico to a situation of social unrest.
"This cable analyze the implications of federal intervention, how could impact the balance of power in Mexico and what are the possible scenarios for the future of Oaxaca," said the embassy under his control in the United States.
However, one of the reflections states that the arrival of the PFP literally saved the skin from Oaxaca governor. "At the moment not clear how much pressure can exert still APPO (...) but it is clear that federal intervention has saved Ruiz, by limiting the autonomy of the APPO in Oaxaca" exposed.
Like an invasion of another country is involved, the US embassy estimated the peacekeeping operation PFP "might work" in Oaxaca if the commanders of the police managed to prevent their troops from violating the rights of civilians .
"The Mexican government will maintain the legitimacy of the presence of the police if that presence remains relatively peaceful and the Mexican government claims that this is the only way to maintain order," he said.
The cables leave no doubt that Washington a clearly negative view of the role played in the conflict by Governor Ulises Ruiz and the leader of the National Union of Education Workers, Elba Esther Gordillo was taken.
The first, the embassy said it was "a man tough without popular support" held "based on mercenaries". One cable, dated August, realizes that the state governor and was then considered a "failure".
"... Ruiz failed to incorporate their programs discomfort of their opponents and had no political ability to build coalitions capable of governing," reads an excerpt. "The attack on the newspaper Noticias was made by his mercenaries, observers tell us," reads another.
One more: "Our contacts tell us that the governor lacks all legitimacy and is desperate." Another: "never regain its authority". And another: "It is speculated that the death of José Jiménez (a member of the APPO, shot on August 10) was carried out by gunmen loyal Ruiz".
Gordillo, Washington made it clear that their entry into the negotiations at the end of the conflict, rather than help, ended up complicating the Oaxaca crisis.
"Instead of continuing with fruitless negotiations, the federal government chose to seek the support of Gordillo, but as federal offered the carrot, Gordillo gave them (APPO) with the stick", summarized in a dated piece on October 6.
Even the leader of SNTE have jumped to negotiations greed is accused: "The decision of Gordillo to intervene in the state of Oaxaca was influenced, most likely, by the fact that the Mexican government offered SNTE a lot money (...) about 3.8 billion over six years. "