Me feminist? / Josefina Aranda / In search of academic excellence
Soledad JARQUÍN E.
Oaxaca, México.- Josefina Aranda PhD in Social Anthropology and feminist, "feminist, but good, not one to be ashamed and now say they are gender".
It savoring every sip of coffee from the many cups is taken every morning, Josefina Aranda, serious contender for the position of rector of the UABJO, is Director of Strategic Plans and Programs for the institution in an office building rectory.
His work for almost 30 years is linked to the Benito Juárez Autonomous University of Oaxaca, where he has been academic, researcher and official, and also coffee communities in the intricate mountain ranges of the entity which always has "heart and brain" to train women of all their rights and encourage them autonomous productive projects whose fruits collected today.
His face was amiable and quiet despite seeing the storm coming; is less serious than in the past, in his words denoting passion for what he has done in life and what it does to achieve its goals, its history consists of elements such as patience, discipline, perseverance and goals.
Josefina Aranda just discovered feminist when you were about 20 years and was a student of Social Anthropology. He passed the "primary" feminism protesting songs like The King of José Alfredo Jiménez, groups reading and reflection among academic "that since then spoke understood as gender inequality and social status of women".
He read all feminists hand of their master Teresita de Barbieri and Lourdes Arispe, with whom he would later develop research and also with a group of academics interested in that subject as Esperanza Tunon, Sara Lava, Gisela Espinosa, among many others and later with socialist feminists Puerto Rico understand "how inequality based on gender is socially constructed and how our strength as feminists is to build another company that is not based on unequal gender relations."
Then ended the seventies, the rise of the "third wave feminism" in which the concept of patriarchy surge "to signify the socio-moral and political order which maintained and perpetuated the male hierarchy" (that) "marked the end the feminine mystique "as Amelia Valcarcel says.
Savor every sip of coffee, whose aroma and body will talk about her feminist activism that carried remember defending a teenager raped by her stepfather and his work on the popular urban movement Mexico City to demand the right of women to the property up to the Oaxacan mountains. "Never going to deny that I am a feminist," says satisfied.
In the early eighties, with other professionals and others founded the Support Center Oaxaca People (Campo) Movement and almost simultaneously the State Coordinator of Coffee Producers of Oaxaca (CEPCO), "the great challenge is to bring the feminism, or as I say, the awareness of this inequality and knowledge of human rights that we women "and was there for over 10 years.
These were the years of the coffee crisis, but Josefina Aranda argues that crises are moments of opportunity and sought that women decide what to do and chose to produce "platitas coffee" because the women in his reflection saying "now coffee is worth but then it will be worth Lady Hump. "
It was difficult not only for coffee time, also to introduce the topic of human rights but managed to overcome the difficulties, in the end they had their own word, gave his views began to be heard and respected, to work together with the men and that made different from the peasant organization in times in which the participation of women are not promoted.
Sow "coffee seedlings" gave results, it was unfolded in literacy projects in Mazatec language, productive programs and services to communities. Today is a peasant organization founded companies to do their work sustainable, self-construction as a peasant movement and to advance its own production, sells services to not depend on the state and avoid being captured.
Today is majority participation of women in CEPCO because, among other things, the migration of men, they changed their personal lives but also the community began to join the municipal structures and other organizations, "it was a work of reflection , training, come and go, to overcome obstacles ... "
Josefina Aranda remember that American donees demanded that women were in the leadership and she answered that it was not reaching act of magic, it was a process through which men were sensitized and they have the elements to be leaders and not just puppets.
"I can already say with pleasure that was achieved," said referring to Leonor Fernandez Allende, one of the coffee that addressed the Council, but also "was a tough, difficult, with contradictions and long-suffering construction, as when they killed the companion Abrosio Estela Luna, the Loxicha region, "felt a tremendous bitterness, come to think he should retire to write my books, pure, hard and true," he says when he recalls that the loss of Estela confronted her because she had worked for her outside an advocate for women's rights.
Education for transforming
Josefina Aranda who combined the academy with the social reality of women states that education is really the element that transforms inequality, injustice and impunity and the University is an important platform to achieve.
Serious contender for the rectory UABJO not fazed at "low blows" already started, because it says that it is more important to conclude an educational project for UABJO that initiated the former rector Francisco Martinez Neri and they continue the current rector Rafael Torres.
"The priority is training and research, and students have the opportunity to become the best in Oaxaca.
However, he acknowledges that it will be a tough fight personal and family interests still control the highest seat of learning, for it required its possible opponents "fair play" and competing itself educational, democratic projects and equitable participation, "which not overstep the boundaries tempted to take external forces in the fight, because I will not do. "
Criticized for not being born in Oaxaca and contemptuously called "defeña" Josefina Aranda holds that life gave him the opportunity to develop as a person and as a professional in Oaxaca, so much that has been recognized as Distinguished Citizen by the City Council of Oaxaca and better yet, points, not born in this state poses no impediment in the Organic Law or university regulations.
Also be discarded instead of Josefina, "the Dauphine" the current rector because it ensures that Torres has shown a preference for more than one.
What is at issue is to strengthen and complete the academic project whose possibility is to have the university that deserves Oaxaca says with an air of satisfaction that has been part of the past and of this administration.
And as for the other whichever woman, considered a vulnerable point, she says that being a woman is an area of opportunity, the problem is that some men think they will not let a woman send.
So much so that they produced a pamphlet he says where they intend to disqualify calling it "old" age-old and old as a woman, to which responds that age brings wisdom, experience that as important as the rectory office and, Moreover, states in comical tone that "old hills and old green again and the moon and return to her".
Without any fear and much professionalism, Josefina Aranda builds a participatory academic project, as the foundation of its success and raises to a strong, clear and forceful struggle against all the problems of inequality that exist in the university at all levels, solving issues that have not previously been treated as sexual harassment and other violence against women, according to this model proved that applies the general director of the National Polytechnic Institute, Yoloxóchitl Bustamante.
For now, Josefina Aranda marches in search of the highest office in the Benito Juárez Autonomous University of Oaxaca, it would be only the second woman to head the institution founded in 1827, only this time the vision of social condition be included women and, no doubt, give answers in that regard.